Full Spectrum CBD or Hemp Oil
Full Spectrum CBD or Hemp oil generally refers to products that not only contain CBD but contain other plant molecules as well, including a variety of essential vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, protein, chlorophyll, flavonoids, and fiber.
In order to obtain CBD from the plant, it must be extracted from the plant material. Full spectrum, sometimes referred to as “whole plant,” means the full plant extract minimally refined, leaving most of the cannabinoids and terpenes intact.
Terpenes, like cannabinoids, are chemical compounds also found in Cannabis and Hemp plants. Unlike cannabinoids, our bodies don’t naturally produce terpenes. Terpenes are responsible for the unique scents of cannabis and hemp. Some plants smell fruity, some smell skunky, some smell like pine needles — this is all thanks to terpenes.
Also referred to as ‘stem cell’ cannabinoid, most CBG is transformed into cannabinoids such as CBD and THC by the plant. As a result, most processed plants have a low level of CBG.
The degradation of THC leads to CBN. While there is usually a low amount of it in the fresh plant, the decarboxylation process typically raises the level of CBN. It offers a slight psychoactive effect and has a greater affinity for the CB2 receptor compared to the CB1 receptor.
It is probably the least studied ‘major’ cannabinoid even though it is rather abundant in certain marijuana strains. However, the research that is available suggests that CBC has antidepressant, pain relieving, and anti-anxiety effects.
Lesser known Cannabinoids include:
Cannabicyclol (CBL) Cannabitriol (CBT) Cannabicitran (CBT) Cannabifuran (CBF) Terpenes
Limonene: Used as a stress reliever, for gastric flux issues and to help boost your mood.
Pinene: An anti-inflammatory. Used to potentially improve your memory and boost alertness.
Linalool: Terpene that has a sedative effect and used to help with depression, insomnia, and stress.
Caryophyllene: This terpene has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties used to help relieve the symptoms of pain. It is also used against insomnia.
Humulene: This is another pain-relieving terpene which has antibacterial properties and can also works as an appetite suppressant.